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Intoxication, Children, Colorado, symptoms
THC, CBD, Potency

The autopsy showed Foster had a .098 milligrams-per-liter level of THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, the intoxicating ingredient of marijuana. Pearson said that is a significant level.
“That indicates very recent use,” she said. “I would say she used marijuana within a half-hour or an hour before she died.”

 

Death, car crashes 2, alcohol, Florida, tampa
second hand smoke, tobacco

The toxicology report showed that Goodman had THC in his system, but not at a level considered legally impaired. Edibles are a bit more dangerous just because they do have a longer absorption period and a slower drop than smoking," said Breckenridge Police detective Caitlin Kontak.

Colorado, suicide
youth
  • The chemistry of medical marijuana is not known and not reproducible.
  •  There is a lack of evidence of safety for the use of marijuana under medical supervision.
  • There is a lack of evidence of efficacy of medical marijuana.
  • Qualified experts do not accept the drug.
  • Scientific evidence is not widely available.

 If you have a medical problem, chances are, there are far more effective treatments than smoked marijuana; prescribed treatments have undergone meticulous testing procedures to minimize risk. Though some may be disappointed, today’s smoked marijuana should not be confused with real medicine. Smoking and inhaling a large array of chemicals in order to deliver a drug is a backward step in medicine and a risky step for a patient.

Simply put, marijuana is not a pure compound; there is no way to make sure that ingredients are measured reliably and are consistent from one batch to another. ...

science, evidence, blog, madras

The "gold standard" in medical research is "peer-reviewed, randomized, double-blind" studies, which all medicines are subjected to before the Food and Drug Administration will allow them to be prescribed by doctors to their patients, said Mikaya, who added that none of those studies have been conducted on medical marijuana. In the case of medical marijuana, those studies would show, among other things, whether medical marijuana "is effective as a medicine" and "whether its benefits outweigh its risks," Mikaya said.

evidence, Studies, legalization
workplace
crime, Minnesota
Minnesota, crime
Colorado-0, Death, edibles
Colorado-0, car crashes 2, Impairment
Colorado-0, Potency, THC
Colorado-0
Teens, Took Kit
Colorado-0, Death, edibles

More than 40 states have reported seizures of Colorado marijuana and THC products, according to the Rocky Mountain High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area. The federally funded task force also reports that seizures involving Colorado marijuana bound for other states have risen nearly 400 percent, from 58 incidents in 2008 to 288 in 2013 — the year before Colorado’s marijuana retail stores opened. That is consistent with Denver police records showing a nearly 1,000% spike in the amount of marijuana officers have seized — 937 pounds in 2011 compared to a little more than 4 tons last year.

Black Market, Colorado

In old-school dope, levels of THC — the psychoactive chemical that makes people high — were typically well below 10 percent. But in Colorado's legal bud, the average THC level is 18.7 percent, and some retail pot contains 30 percent THC or more, according to research released Monday.
"This shows that marijuana is a GMO product just like other products sold by big business. And just like other industries, now you have a big marijuana industry determined to hide these findings from the public. Where is their outcry? Where are the promises to change the way they do business?" 

Potency, Colorado, GMO

A study by a team from Children's Hospital Colorado that was presented during the AES Annual Meeting in December 2014 and has recently been accepted for publication in the journal Epilepsy & Behavior, found that artisanal "high CBD" oils resulted in no significant reduction in seizures in the majority of patients and in those for whom the parents reported improvements, these improvements were not associated with improvement in electroencephalograms (EEGs), the gold standard monitoring test for people with epilepsy.

 

Additionally, in 20% of cases reviewed seizures worsened with use of cannabis and in some patients there were significant adverse events. These are not the stories that you have likely 

heard in your public hearings, but they are the reality of practitioners at Children's Hospital Colorado who have cared for the largest number of cases of children with epilepsy treated with cannabis in the U.S.

Charlotte's Web, epilepsy, Legislation, Colorado, Studies, Research
edibles, emergency room, Florida

A teen accused of killing 16-year-old Broomfield High School student Chad Britton in a November car accident near the school was driving under the influence of marijuana, according to police.
He got behind the wheel of his car after smoking weed, even though a friend tried to persuade him not to drive, police officers testified at a preliminary hearing Tuesday.
The 17-year-old driver, who authorities have not identified because he is a minor, is accused of killing Britton by hitting him with the car. The teen is suspected of smoking marijuana before the crash, and had only had his drivers license for six days, police testified.

Teen, car crashes 2, car crashes, Fatalities
My fear is that, if CBD is made widely available in an uncontrolled way, families will run to it because of the hype, often using it to replace rather than augment current therapy. Some children might benefit. But it will not work for everyone and, if it is used as a stand alone therapy in children for whom it does not work, then some of those children will die. These children need to be protected from uncontrolled seizures but they also need to be protected 
from unproven therapies. Sadly, the good intentions of their desperate, loving parents have the potential to put some of these children in harm’s way.
Charlotte's Web, Idaho Epilepsy Center, Dr. Wechsler

Because many of these products are packaged to mimic popular candies, they may be attractive to kids, MacCoun said. "There's the concern that young children will find these products and eat them, thinking they are ordinary sweets," MacCoun told Live Science. "This can be a very traumatic experience, and there are even some indications it can be physically dangerous for young children,

edibles

The study is among the first to say the hippocampus is shaped differently in heavy marijuana smokers and the different looking shape is directly related to poor long-term memory performance.
The study also found that young adults with schizophrenia who abused cannabis as teens performed about 26 percent more poorly on memory tests than young adults with schizophrenia who never abused cannabis.

youth, memory, Schizophrenia

For some marijuana users, it is not only the plant itself that may cause an allergic reaction. Pot can become very moldy when it is being stored, and people who are allergic to mold may have reactions,

allergy
Ohio, legalization
car crashes 2, Fatalities, PA, car crashes, highways
Pregnancy, baby, youth, addiction, news video clip, news article

·        These consequences include impaired short-term memory and decreased concentration, attention span, and problem solving, which clearly interfere with learning. Alterations in motor control, coordination, judgment, reaction time, and tracking ability have also been documented; these may contribute to unintentional deaths and injuries among adolescents (especially those associated with motor vehicles if adolescents drive while intoxicated by marijuana).
·        Negative health effects on lung function associated with smoking marijuana have also been documented, and studies linking marijuana use with higher rates of psychosis in patients with a predisposition to schizophrenia have recently been published, raising concerns about longer-term psychiatric effects. New research has also demonstrated that the adolescent brain, particularly the prefrontal cortex areas controlling judgment and decision-making, is not fully developed until the mid-20s, raising questions about how any substance use may affect the developing brain. Research has shown that the younger an adolescent begins using drugs, including marijuana, the more likely it is that drug dependence or addiction will develop in adulthood.
·         A recent analysis of 4 large epidemiologic trials found that marijuana use during adolescence is associated with reductions in the odds of high school completion and degree attainment and increases in the use of other illicit drugs and suicide attempts in a dose-dependent fashion that suggests that marijuana use is causative.

youth, American Academy of Pediatrics, AAP, Studies, Research

Marijuana was found in Moreano’s car and investigators believe booze contributed to the crash, according to a police source.

car crashes, Fatalities, NY
car crashes 2, impaired, Fatalities, pills, car crashes
Survey, Studies, youth, increase, usage
tea

Warnings: Stem tea may not relieve your medical condition, but it might make you a bit happy. If you substitute medical marijuana buds and leaves for the stems, you will get very happy, and you will be very tired when the happiness dissipates. The resulting feeling you get from making medicinal stem tea may take between 30 to 50 minutes to hit you, so drink just a small amount and wait before re-dosing.

 

video, dabbing, wax, BHO
youth, School, Medical
Colorado-0, Pregnancy, baby
Legislation, Fay, Medical
Colorado-0, Attorney General, legalization
car crashes 2, car crashes

Monitoring the Future is an ongoing study of the behaviors, attitudes, and values of American secondary school students, college students, and young adults.

Studies, youth
pets, vet
legalization, DEA, supreme court, lawsuit
Brain, Studies
Studies, Psychosis, London
crime, Florida
youth, opinion, Bennett

New research out of Britain’s Warwick University has found a “significant link” between marijuana use and mania, which can range from hyperactivity and difficulty sleeping to aggression, becoming delusional and hearing voices



 

Research, England, adolescent, mania, Studies

#no2pot

Teens, Fatalities, car crashes, Florida, impaired, alcohol
legalization, catholic news hearald
edibles, Missouri
youth, Washington, students
South Carolina, car crashes

#no2pot

news article, car crashes, Colorado-0, Kansas

tudents, parents, teachers and school administrators are finding it increasingly more difficult to protect Colorado youth while at school with nearly 300 different types of edibles on the market.

edibles, Colorado-0, SMART, news video clip

Dr Marwaha said: "The observed tendency for cannabis use to precede or coincide with rather than follow mania symptoms, and the more specific association between cannabis use and new onset manic symptoms, suggests potential causal influences from cannabis use to the development of mania. It is a significant link."

mania, bi-polar, Studies, youth, mental health
Legislation, Florida

#no2pot

car crashes, impaired, news article
Fatalities, car crashes, news article, Alabama

"We found moderate evidence that maternal use of marijuana during pregnancy is associated with negative effects on exposed offspring, including decreased academic ability, cognitive function and attention. Importantly, these effects may not appear until adolescence.

Pregnancy
madras, Research, powerpoint, opioid, Pregnancy

"This is Florida's next crisis," Jacobs said. "We must at some point figure out how to become proactive rather than reactive to these kinds of efforts."

kratom

Medical cannabinoids are here to stay, but intellectual honesty is imperative if we are moving toward exploiting their potential benefits. Owing to rising THC concentrations of products, "medical" marijuana is rarely good medicine. This review has identified the dangers associated with whole­plant marijuana, whether used for recreational or for supposedly medical purposes.

Studies, Research, medscape, mental health, Side-Effects, heart, lungs, body, Brain, youth, cannabis, Resource Paper
car crashes, Wyoming, news article
trends, tea, edibles

Warnings: Stem tea may not relieve your medical condition, but it might make you a bit happy. If you substitute medical marijuana buds and leaves for the stems, you will get very happy, and you will be very tired when the happiness dissipates. The resulting feeling you get from making medicinal stem tea may take between 30 to 50 minutes to hit you, so drink just a small amount and wait before re-dosing.

 

trends, tea, edibles

State of the Science   190 resources
Several problems are associated with marijuana use during pregnancy, because prenatal exposure influences brain development and can result in permanent cognitive impairment. [35] Cognitive deficits resulting from prenatal exposure include inattention; impulsivity; and impairment in learning, memory, and certain aspects of executive functioning. [36] In addition, prenatal exposure to cannabis has been associated with reduction of fetal growth. [37]
For many years, the myth of smoked cannabis being "healthier" or "no worse" than smoked tobacco was perpetuated by pro­marijuana groups. Both smoked cannabis and tobacco contain approximately 4000 chemicals and that these chemicals are essentially identical in both plants.In another recent review, [23] the authors concluded that "smoking of cannabis is not medically recommended due to the potential respiratory tract, dangers of noxious compounds such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, tar and carbon monoxide."
 
 

Potency, Studies, lungs, cigarettes, Pregnancy

#no2pot #biglies

Veterans, Legislation

Pollster Dan Jones & Associates found that only a third of Idaho residents want to legalize pot, 64 percent oppose and the rest didn’t know.

  • 18-24 year-olds oppose pot legalization by 55-47 percent
  • 25-34 year-olds oppose it by 61-34 percent
  • Idaho Republicans are especially against legalizing marijuana, 80-19 percent.
  • 49 percent of Idaho Democrats favor decriminalization of marijuana use, while 48 percent oppose.
  • Among political independents, 59 percent oppose legalization, 38 percent favor.

 

Idaho, poll, legalization
Sheriff, Florida, no
AAA, driving, Fatalities

Based upon the foregoing evidence, this author has a clear preference for zero tolerance laws to deal with the increasing scourge of DUID.  The increasingly accepted Libertarian view is that such laws criminalize personal choices that cause no harm to citizens other than the drug consumer.  Laws requiring probable cause be first established before requiring a blood sample theoretically alleviate this concern, but are unconvincing to opponents of zero-tolerance laws.  Adoption of New Zealand’s approach is suggested as a means of gaining acceptance of zero tolerance laws without unduly harming Libertarian sensitivities.

Wood, Potency, 2017 Legislation, THC levels, THC

The fact is that there is no level of THC in blood above which everyone is impaired, and below which no one is impaired.  This is not because we need more studies; it’s because of human biology. Consider the following three factors.

Wood, Potency, 2017 Legislation, THC levels, THC

#no2Pot

Effects, Pregnancy, PubMed

Also,  http://attcnetwork.org/marijuana/docs/MJInfographic_Body_final.pdf   #no2pot

video, ATTC, body
video, Volkow, NIDA, body, Brain, Behavior
ATTC, Infographics

#no2pot

ATTC, Infographics
legalization

"Marijuana is the 800-pound gorilla in the room, when in fact, 295 Coloradans died two years ago of prescription drug overdoses," he notes. 
In 2012, 36 drivers who tested positive for marijuana were involved in fatal car crashes, according the Colorado Department of Transportation. And 19-year-old Levy Thamba jumped to his death after consuming six times the recommended dose of a marijuana edible in April 2014

opioid, Colorado, legalization

PDF format

Paleo, health, meta-analysis, Studies
PTSD, Veterans
youth, clinical, Research, legalization, pedestrians
Colorado-0, Colorado, legalization
impulsivity, PubMed, Studies

Don’t bother putting lipstick on this pig. There’s a saying that no matter how often one stirs a bucket of crap, it’s still a bucket of crap.

Morgan, OpEd
Colorado-0, impact, cost
Colorado, regulation
Colorado-0, national, youth

Where do the students get their marijuana? 38% reported they got from a friend who obtains it legally, 23% reported from their parents, 22% from the black market, 9% from medical marijuana dispensaries, 4% from medical marijuana cardholders, 3% from retail marijuana stores.

youth, Colorado-0, denver, usage, increase
Colorado-0, rules
Wyoming, governor, law enforcement

Shows that Colorado 12 to 17 age group, 18 to 25, 26+ are significantly higher than US average for past 30 day marijuana use and all showed increased rates between 2011-12 and 2012-13

Survey, SAMHSA, usage

These results provide empirical evidence to support concerns that decriminalization may be a risk factor for future increases in youth marijuana use and acceptance.

youth, trends, case, decriminalization, california

Appendix

Changes in Marijuana Use Patterns, Systematic Literature Review, and Possible Marijuana-Related Health Effects

Colorado, health, Pregnancy, youth, Report, Statistical Reports
  • ·        “Making it more available to adults – even if restrictions are in place – will increase the access for teens. Just the campaigns to legalize marijuana can have the effect of persuading adolescents that marijuana is not dangerous, which can have a devastating impact on their lifelong health and development.”
  • ·        For adolescents, marijuana can impair memory and concentration, interfering with learning, and is linked to lower odds of completing high school or obtaining a college degree. It can alter motor control, coordination and judgment, which may contribute to unintentional deaths and injuries. Regular use is also linked to psychological problems, poorer lung health, and a higher likelihood of drug dependence in adulthood. 
youth, AAP, American Academy of Pediatrics, usage

In 2012 and afterwards California 12th graders as compared to their peers in other states became (a) 25% more likely to have used marijuana in the past 30 days, (b) 20% less likely to perceive regular marijuana use as a great health risk, (c) 20% less likely to strongly disapprove of regular marijuana use, and (d) about 60% more likely to expect to be using marijuana five years in the future. Analysis of 10th graders raises the possibility that the findings among 12th graders may reflect a cohort effect that was set into place two years earlier.

IJDP, youth, trends

legalization, follow the money, Infographics, elections

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